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Lebanon Can't Dictate Terms in Sea Border Talks, Israel's Energy Minister Says

October 5, 2021

For Illustration: Leviathan field offshore Israel (File Photo: Noble Energy)
For Illustration: Leviathan field offshore Israel (File Photo: Noble Energy)

Israel is ready to renew efforts to solve its dispute with Lebanon over the delineation of their territorial waters in the Mediterranean, but it will not accept that Beirut dictates the terms of the negotiation, its energy minister said on Tuesday.

The talks mediated by the United States were launched a year ago to try to resolve the dispute, which has held up exploration in the potentially gas-rich area. The talks stalled in May.

U.S. special envoy Amos Hochstein is due in both countries this month to try to give fresh impetus to the talks just as Lebanon has sought clarifications from the international community after Israel granted U.S. oilfield services group Halliburton an offshore drilling contract.

"We need to look for a solution that leads to a breakthrough and not try to think in the old ways of drawing lines," Israel's Karine Elharrar told Reuters in an interview in Paris, adding that she would speak to Hochstein soon.

At the end of talks in May, Lebanese President Michel Aoun said there should be no preconditions. He rejected the U.S. mediator's suggestions asking for negotiations to be on the basis of Israeli and Lebanese border lines already submitted and registered with the United Nations.

"We started (negotiations) by one line and then they (Lebanon) pushed the line. Pushing and pushing the lines literally," Elharrar said. "It's not the way to have a negotiation. They cannot dictate the lines."

Earlier talks stalled after each side presented contrasting maps outlining proposed borders that actually increased the size of the disputed area.

Israel already pumps gas from huge offshore fields. Lebanon, which has yet to find commercial gas reserves in its own waters, is facing its worst economic crisis since its 1975-1990 civil war.

Mohamed Ebeid, a Lebanese expert on the border talks and former director at the information ministry, said the new U.S. mediator is due in the second half of October in Beirut.

"Unfortunately we have returned to internal bickering instead of going to the negotiations with one stance,” Ebeid told Reuters when asked about the fact that Lebanon changed its mind about lines.

Since the talks stalled, Lebanon's former caretaker prime minister and ministers of defense and public works approved a draft decree which would expand Lebanon's claim, adding around 1,400 square km (540 square miles) to its exclusive economic zone.

"We share a gas field and have to find a solution on how to use it so that each side will have its share of it in a fair way," Elharrar said. "We are willing to give it another shot."

 (Additional reporting by Laila Bassam in Beirut; Editing by Giles Elgood)



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